Female Genital Mutilation FGM is still practiced in the world with unfortunate social, emotional, and physical disability to those women involved. In the August edition of the Journal of Sexual Medicine a very comprehensive article written by Dr. Rigmor Berg appears involving 7,291 women and 71 studies. 3 corrective surgeries included defibulation or separation of the fused labia, cyst excision and clitoral or clitoral-labial reconstruction, Reasons for surgery include functional complaints, sexual aspirations, aesthetic aspirations and identity recovery. Surprisingly 1/3rd were unhappy with their reconstructed look.
An estimated 200,000,000 women and girls are living with FGM. Some women preferred correction at the time of delivery, ante-natal.
Female infibulation, known as Type III female genital mutilation by the World Health Organization and as pharaonic circumcision in Africa, is the removal of the inner and outer labia, and the suturing of the vulva. It is mostly practised in northeastern Africa, particularly Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan.
The procedure leaves a wall of skin and flesh across the vagina and the rest of the pubic area. By inserting a twig or similar before the wound heals, a small hole is created for the passage of urine and menstrual blood. The procedure is usually accompanied by the removal of the clitoral glans. The legs are bound together for two to four weeks to allow healing Infibulate comes from the Latin past participle of infibulare: to fasten
Harold M. Reed, M.D.
The Reed Centre for Transgender Surgery | Miami
FGM photo showing Somalian lady following clitoral hood reconstruction by Dr. Reed