Female genital mutilation (FGM) is also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision. Removal of some or all of the external female genitalia is an unnecessary violation practiced in 27 African countries.
A 2008 study in the Journal of Sexual Medicine reported that 32 per cent of women who underwent the procedure did so to correct a functional impairment; 31 per cent to correct a functional impairment and for aesthetic reasons; and 37 per cent for aesthetic reasons alone. According to a 2011 review published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, overall patient satisfaction is in the 90–95 percent range.
Below is a post op photo of a Somolian lady who had partial clitoral hood circumcision.
Clitoral Hood Reconstruction post Ritual Female Circumcision