Female to Male Gender


Metoidioplasty | Phalloplasty

Photographic Example

A 50% deposit is required to schedule any procedure and as time and materials and a commitment to post operative care may be required, these deposits are non-refundable.

Do not schedule or submit any deposits unless you are comfortable with the information presented on these forms.

Do not schedule or submit any deposit if you are contemplating having other surgical procedures within a few weeks of your intended procedure with Dr. Reed, as this is often medically ill advised and your deposit will
not be refunded.  If concerned, please discuss this with Dr. Reed beforehand.

Female to Male (FTM)
Male to Female Gender Reassignment
Genital Surgery (GRS)
Male to Female Metoidioplasty

A. Metoidioplasty or Metaidoioplasty (phallic clitoral enlargement, stand to void)

The procedure confers the advantage of minimal surgery with preservation of natural sensation and erectile function. Donor site forearm scars avoided. Overweight patients may achieve greater length with pubic lipectomy which will recess the body surface line.

In this procedure the clitoral hood is lifted and the suspensory ligament of the clitoris is detached from the pubic bone, allowing the clitoris to extend out further. When the female tissues have been primed with testosterone, the clitoral head may resemble an adolescent glans penis, although the proportionality or size may be smaller.

The term “juvenile” sized phallus might be apt. If you have been on testosterone and experience clitoromegaly, self examination of your glans and clitoral body will give you a very good idea of what to anticipate post-operatively once surgical swelling subsides (6 to 8 weeks). Although visible engorgement may occur during arousal, the phallus is not suitable for penetration, nor is ejaculation possible.

For those patients who desire to void standing, the urethra is extended into the neo-penis. This may be accomplished simultaneously or performed secondarily using either a vaginal flap or buccal mucosal graft.

Please understand in that metoidioplasty involves a fair amount of tissue transfer, some degree of post-operative swelling is expected.

Complications may include but are not limited to less than anticipated length, torquing of the clitoris (usually amenable to release), loss of sensation, tissue necrosis, localized infection, persistent tenderness or hypersensitivity, transient or permanent narrowing of the vaginal opening which may render the vagina incapable of penile penetration, urethral narrowing, urethral obstruction, and urethral fistula (leakage of urine anywhere along the pathway of urethral extension).

Between the first and second stages leading to urethral extension, voiding patterns and trajectory may be forwards or backwards and may splash wetting perineal, labial and vaginal skin.

Fee $12,500. Please call for details.

Testicular prostheses and scrotalplasty $5,000.
B. Penile Implantation for the Neo-Phallus patient.

A penile prosthesis confers the wherewithal to penetrate which may be the defining moment for a successful conclusion to gender reassignment surgery. Clearly the intimacy of complete sexual contact is sought equally by patients and their partners.

Fee including inflatable prosthesis $8,000.
C. Insertion of Testicular Implants into Labia.

This should be performed as a procedure unto itself or with urethral extension to minimize complications. To prepare the labia majora for implantation, a tissue expander may be employed for a few months. This also creates a more pleasing scrotal appearance.

Soft silicone implants are used and are available in varying sizes.

Fee including prostheses $5,000.

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